MATTHEW FONTAINE MAURY|
Maury's system of recording the oceanographic data of naval vessel and merchant marine ships was adopted worldwide when he published The Physical Geography of the Sea, "the first textbook of modern oceanography." His lifetime goal was to ensure that captains should have charts that would enable them to sail as quickly and as safely as possible around the world. Maury was the first superintendent of the U.S. Naval Observatory, the first to propose a world conference for developing a universal system of weather observations and made the opening remarks when it occurred.